With the current student debt in the USA standing at over $1.52 trillion, it’s understandable that many Americans would want to complete their studies with minimal student debt. While scholarships and bursaries are commonly discussed methods to lessen course fees, tuition remission is another avenue to quality education.
What is tuition remission? Tuition remission is when a college or university waives the cost of tuition for an employee, or their dependents/partners. The process for how the school will carry out remission varies based on its policies. Tuition remission is a valuable source for a free or discounted education, considering the rising costs of university tuition and fees.
Many Americans are not able to afford four-year college degrees without financial aid and loans. Grants, scholarships, financial aid, and tax benefits can help cut down on the cost of school, but few of these options are as efficient and effective as tuition remission.
Rising Costs Reducing Return on Investment for Students
It’s understandable why any method to reduce college tuition would be welcomed. While college tuition starts at around $6400 for a full-time, in-state student at a four-year public college (source), out of state students can expect to pay up to $50,000 (source). That amount increases to $50,000-$60,000 for a private college (source).
These costs do not include room and board, as noted in the above sources, which start at $5,000 at a two-year community college and can go as high as $11,000 at a private four-year college. Finally, the costs of books and supplies add up, with most college students expected to pay $1200 per year.
Tuition remission offers a way around all of this, especially for students graduating with no assurance of a well-paying job after graduation. Parents can use tuition remission to ensure that their child is not overly burdened with student debt from the start of their career.
College is Still Worth it When Managed Properly
College degrees are still a vital way of improving one’s lifetime earnings, with data showing that high school graduates earned an average of $35,615 per year, while those with a bachelor’s degree earned an average of $65,482, and those with a postgraduate degree earned $92,525 on average (source). These numbers are a reminder of why a college degree is needed for young people who seek to be successful in a competitive job market.
Other reasons for the push towards college education can be found in the report Recovery: Job Growth and Education Requirements Through 2020 (source). This study has shown that the nature of the American job market is changing. With the current economic growth, approximately 55 million new jobs will open by 2020. The bulk of these jobs will be a result of retiring Baby Boomers.
These openings will require intelligent and qualified employees because 65% of these new jobs will require a college degree or higher. While the need for vocational skills will not fade away, the need for qualified employees entering the workforce has never been higher.
As a result, more Americans should be attempting to obtain a career-oriented college degree that prepares them for the workforce. Businesses and universities are recognizing this need by offering more forms of tuition reimbursement and tuition remission.
While there are other financial aid options such as grants and scholarships, which do not need to be repaid, they require prospective students to meet the highest academic standards and are limited in availability. College loans are the most accessible option, but they need to be repaid which causes a strain for most students after graduation.
Tuition remission is an uncommon but practical way of paying for tertiary education. Tuition remission policies are dependent on the college and can range from 50% to 100% discount on course fees.
Understanding Tuition Remission Scholarships
A tuition remission scholarship is awarded to an employee of a college or their dependent children. The application criteria differ from college to college. Some require a financial need, while others may require the parent working at the college to have worked there for a certain number of months or years, or be a regular full-time employee.
Most universities require full-time employees to work a certain amount of time before these tuition remission benefits apply to them and a further period of time before the benefits are applied to their dependents.
There may be some limitations to tuition remission. For example, full-time employees may not be able to register as full-time students. The status and age of children can be a variable too, with some colleges also offering tuition remission for step-children.
A survey conducted in 2010 showed that 98% of colleges offered tuition remission for full-time employees, but not all offered the same benefits to their spouses and dependent children.
Some might offer discounted tuition to spouses and dependents. New York University, for example, offers 50%-100% of tuition remission but will only cover 50% of the employees’ registration fees and spouses or dependents being fully responsible for the payment of their course registration fees. (source).
These points may not apply to all universities and colleges, so it is vitally important that an employee takes note of all terms and conditions related to tuition remission. However, the following points are a general understanding of the clauses related to the waiving of tuition by a college:
- Being a university employee does not guarantee admission for yourself, your spouse or your dependent child to the university program of your choice. You are still expected to apply and follow the normal procedures for university admission. You are also judged by the same academic standards as other students applying.
- Tuition remission only covers tuition and the employee will still need to pay for registration fees, room and board, textbooks and other incidentals related to college life.
- There is an age limit to how long a dependent child may study at the college and depending on the policy; benefits may end between the ages of 23-25.
- If an employee is studying a course while working full-time for a college, they will not be allowed to take classes that take up more than 20% of their employable hours. In some cases, the employee will not be paid for the hours which are spent in class if they coincide with full-time working hours.
- Dependent on university policy, the employee may need to apply for tuition remission every year or it may be continuous without re-application.
- An employee is expected to remain employed at the university throughout the time period of the degree being pursued, whether by themselves or their dependents. Any resignation will cause an immediate cessation of tuition funds.
- If an employee is terminated while they, their spouse or their dependent child is studying through tuition remission, this will result in the immediate cancellation of benefits and the employee will be expected to pay tuition fees for that semester.
- If an employee passes away while their spouse or dependent child is studying, the college will usually allow the student to complete the qualification, regardless of how much time is required to complete the qualification.
- Some colleges have exclusions to their lists of eligible degree programs. These generally include the School of Law and School of Medicine.
- Some tuition remissions are presented alongside financial aid options and scholarships that are offered by the college while other colleges may only provide tuition remission without the addition of any other benefits.
Tuition Remission and Employee Dependents
Often, employees of a college or university already have their degree and won’t be going back to school. When this is the case they often wonder if they can use their remission package to support a dependent.
This is dependent on the college. Some offer tuition remission only to the employee or their dependent children, while others include spouses or domestic partners. The tuition remission for dependent children may also be limited to the age of the child, with most colleges cutting off dependent benefits between the ages of 23-25.
Employees will have to provide proof of relationship with the dependent child, such as a birth certificate and tax return. The tax return should indicate that the parent claims the child (whether biological or adopted) as a dependent.
Other limitations pertain to academics, such as the dependent child achieving the minimum requirements to study at that college. They will also be held to the same academic standards as other students.
Spouses of Employees
Most colleges in the United States offer some kind of tuition remission for the spouses of employees. Requirements vary by institution. Some colleges may expect the employee to be on the job for a certain amount of time before the benefit become active. Others, like Boston University, allows spouses and dependents to benefit from tuition remission as soon as the employee obtains full-time employment status at the university. (source)
Colleges such as the University of Louisville only allow spouses of employees obtain tuition remission if they were employed before a certain date, and even so, the remission only covers three credit hours each semester (source).
In the case of NYU, a spouse is only eligible for tuition remission after the employee has worked for at least three months, full-time, at the university. The spouse should be someone that the employee is married to or a registered domestic partner. NYU also offers one Master’s degree for the spouse or domestic partner and limits the graduate schools that the student may attend. However, they pay 100% of tuition (source).
Employees of a college or university should be careful to note what kind of benefits are available to their spouses or domestic partners as some universities may only offer a graduate degree and not an undergraduate degree.
They should also note that in the case of divorce while an employee is in service at the university, the spouse using tuition remission benefits will lose benefits from the day that the divorce is concluded.
The Difference Between Tuition Remission and Tuition Reimbursement
Tuition remission is when a college waives some or all of an employee’s (or their dependent’s) fees if they choose to study through the college. Tuition reimbursement is a benefit that an employee can receive where the employer agrees to pay a certain amount of the employee’s college tuition. This generally takes place when the student is studying to achieve a qualification relating to their professional practice
Tuition reimbursement is decided by the employer and must comply with federal rules regulating the allowed maximum tax-free reimbursement. As a result, it cannot exceed $5250 (source). If this is the students only source to pay for courses this amount may limit the number of credits that the employee can pursue each year.
Since tuition remission is money waived by the college, the student does not need to participate in the payment process. With tuition reimbursement, the employee’s college may charge the employer directly, or the college may provide an official document stating that payments will be made at a specific time, like the end of the year or semester.
Finally, the student employee may be expected to pay the fees themselves and will then be reimbursed directly by their place of employment. For a period of time, the employee will have to manage these payments on their own, which means they will need to plan ahead.
This can put a financial burden on the employee who may have to dip into savings or take a student/personal loan until they are reimbursed, which also includes paying any interest or fees due on the loan until the reimbursement is paid out. This is still a much better scenario than most Americans are faced with.
Tuition reimbursement may also require the student to meet certain performance objective, such as successfully completing courses or achieving a specific grade.
Tuition reimbursement also requires a further commitment to the company as some companies may ask an employee to sign a contract promising continued employment with the company for a certain period of time.
This is to ensure that the time and money invested in the employee is paid back, and in some cases, if the employment is terminated, the employee may have to pay the company back. Below you will find key differences between tuition remission and tuition reimbursement:
|Tuition Remission||Tuition Reimbursement|
|Who is responsible for the payment of fees?||The college that employee/dependent is employed by||Non-Academic Employer|
|Does one need to be a full-time employee to be eligible?||Generally yes, but lesser benefits may be offered to part-time employees||Yes|
|Who is able to study through the benefit?||Employee, their spouse or dependent children||Employee only|
|How much of the tuition can be waived/paid?||50-100%||$5250 maximum|
|Which courses can be studied?||Any course of the employee’s/dependent’s choosing||Courses related to job requirements/skills|
|Can the employee study full-time?||No, but the employee’s spouse or dependent may||No|
|Does the student participate in the payment process||No||Yes|
|Methods of payment||College does not charge tuition fees or waives a certain amount||Employer may pay directly to the university, or promise to pay at a certain time, or the student pays fees themselves which are later reimbursed by the employer|
|Expectations from employer||Generally nothing||Expectations to pass at a certain grade level or complete the course within a certain time period|
|Will fees cover all costs associated with college?||No, most colleges still expect students to pay for registration fees and do not pay for room and board or textbooks||Dependent on employer, but usually does not include textbooks and other classroom necessities|
Tuition Remission Application Process
The application process for tuition remission is dependent on each college and university. Most institutions have set up an online portal through which employees can apply for tuition remission. Each college follows its own procedures but generally all of them require the following information/documentation:
- Birth certificate in the case of a dependent child. Adoption papers may be required if the child is not biologically related to the employee.
- Tax documents that show that the child is a dependent or the employer is responsible for more than 50% of child support in the case of divorced parents.
- Marriage certificate or registration of a domestic partnership (Domestic Partnership Certification Form) in the case of the spouse of an employee applying for tuition remission.
- A printed or web form to apply for remission.
- Registration form and materials for the application. Generally, the potential student applies to the university first before they become eligible for tuition remission.
Depending on the college, a student will need to apply, be accepted and register for classes before the application for tuition remission can even be applied for.
In the case of an employee applying for tuition remission for themselves, their employee ID is also used as their student ID and in the case of the University of Louisville, the employee does not need to inform HR (source).
Some colleges allow retired former employees to apply for tuition remission. In this instance, they may be required to apply personally using paper forms as they would not have access to newer systems. However, some universities may be able to provide retired employees with new access to online systems, so retired employees should contact the university directly or enquire online to learn the correct process.
Tuition remission is an easy and affordable way for an employee of a college, or their spouse and dependents, to receive an education for free or at a reduced cost.
However, there are many caveats associated with tuition remission and the onus is on the employee to ensure that they understand the requirements for themselves and their dependents should they choose to use tuition remission.
With only 33.4% of Americans holding college degrees currently (source), tuition remission is an attractive method to fund an otherwise expensive degree. With advantages such as tax breaks, continued education, the reward of a degree and the benefits that come with it, anyone who qualifies for tuition remission should give it serious consideration.