Some people get confused about whether to use children’s or childrens’. Many people wonder where the apostrophe should go and if the letter s should come after children.
Use children’s when there is something belonging to, possessed, or controlled by the children collectively as in “the children’s recreational center.” On the other hand, “children” is already a plural of a child, so you would not need to add plurality with an s and apostrophe. So, childrens’ is wrong and can’t be used in any context.
Why Is Children’s Correct and Childrens’ Not Correct?
There are three uses of an apostrophe, and they include indicating the omission of letters (contractions), to form possessive nouns, and to show the plural of symbols, numbers, and letters.
An example of words where apostrophe works as a contraction is she’s, it’s, and let’s.
However, it is assumed by many that contraction apostrophe is not acceptable in formal writing but acceptable in informal writing, especially when indicating a year.
Also, pluralizing can come with some degree of confusion. There are some words that you can simply pluralize by adding the letter “s.”
However, there are some irregular nouns with plurals that do not end with –s. An example of this is children. Also, some already have –s ending.
Some common rules guide the use of apostrophes in the majority of words and also indicate possession.
One of the rules is to add -‘s if the noun is singular and have -s ending. Another rule is to add only an apostrophe to a plural noun with -s ending. For example, bananas’ and clowns’.
If you have a plural noun that does not end with -s add -‘s to the ending and a perfect example is children.
So, children’s is correct, and childrens’ is wrong to use because children are plural and an irregular noun that requires the addition of -‘s to make it possessive.
Where do -en Plurals come from?
You will probably agree with me that the plural of a child is children.
Generally, people believe that plurals often end with letter “s,” but have you thought about plural words such as brethren, women, men, oxen, and children that end with “-en”?
Where do you think the “-en” comes from? In old English, the plurals of some nouns that followed specific patterns ended with -n (source).
However, plurals that come with -an, and -en in old English were spelled using -en during the Middle English period.
During this period, writers applied the –en to plural words that do not come with –n originally.
The use of –en at the end of irregular plurals was prevalent during the Middle English, and that was when childer, which was the plural of a child, became children.
Looking at it, you might say that the -en at the end of children form a sort of double plural because the -en was added to a word that was already plural.
At a time, there was a high competition between the use of -s and -n as the primary ending for plurals in English.
During this time, the north of England favored –s ending and the south favored –n ending.
As time went on –s ending became dominant and –n ending faded away eventually.
Even though -s plurals are universal, there are some surviving –n and –en plurals, and a perfect example is children.
A quick lesson on Pluralizing Words
For you to have a better knowledge of why you shouldn’t add –s to the ending of children, let’s take a quick look at the simple rules that can help you form the plural of any noun in English.
When and where you should add -s to pluralize
Most regular nouns at the ending should have -s
Examples of these are apples and cars.
Nouns with -ph and -th ending
Examples are photographs, and mouths
Nouns with -o ending
Examples are pianos and photos However, there is an exception to this rule. Some terms having -o at the ending should end in -es, and this includes heroes, tomatoes, potatoes, and cargoes.
According to the general rule, -s should be added after nouns having -fe or -f at the end.
The examples of this include giraffes and roofs. Some noun endings with -fe or -f has an exception to this rule.
Instead of adding -s, remove -f or -fe and replace them with -ves as in knives and leaves to pluralize knife and leaf, respectively.
Add -s to a noun with -on at the ending
For example, salons, and canyons. However, there is an exception for certain nouns where you will have to replace –on with –a to form plurals.
Examples are phenomenon and criterion to form phenomena and criteria, respectively.
When you should add –es to pluralize
You should add –es to the ending of nouns having -ch, -sh, -z, -s, and -x at the end
The examples of these are watches, wishes, buzzes, buses, and boxes.
If you come across a noun ending with -is, replace the -is with -es
These include nouns words like oasis and analysis, having there pluralized words as oases and analyses.
When you should pluralize by adding -ies to the noun ending
If you see a noun ending with -y, the general rule is to replace the -y with -ies.
For example, the plural of candy is candies, and that of a dummy is dummies. This rule also come with an exception. You sometimes need to add -s to some nouns ending with the letter -y.
How do you know there is going to be an exception? If the letter before -y is a vowel, add -s. Examples of such words are monkeys, guys, ways, and toys.
When you should add -i to pluralize a noun
If you have –us at the ending of a noun, the general rule is to remove –us and insert –i.
Examples of these are a stimulus to stimuli, cactus to cacti, and fungus to fungi.
When you don’t need to add any letter to pluralize
Nouns that do not have plural forms
These include news, money, love, livestock, and bravery.
Nouns that do not come with singular forms
These are often clothing vocabulary, and they work in pairs such as jeans, trousers, shorts, and scissors.
When you have nouns that have the same singular and plural forms
Examples of words like these are species, fish, and deer. Words that fit into this rule mostly have to do with animals or biology.
Remember the irregular nouns or forms
There are always some cases where the rules of plural spelling discussed above are not followed. Irregular nouns don’t follow any rules or fix into any format. Some examples of this are:
- Woman to women and not womans
- Child to children and not childs or childrens
- Mouse to mice and not mouses
From the discussion so far, you probably now know of where the -en plural comes from and the rules guiding the pluralizing of words.
The rules of pluralizing show that you can’t add -s to the ending of most irregular nouns and this include “children.”
Considering and following this rule means childrens and childrens’ are wrong words and can’t be used in English.
As for children’s, it is a correct word in English that indicates possession by the children.
You can’t use -‘s to indicate plural. The possessive of one child is “child’s” and the possessive of more than one child is children’s.